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Horse Gram for Better Health and Wealth of Rainfed Farmers

 

1. Introduction

Save Indian farmers (SIF) is a United States based nonprofit organization. Save Indian farmers (SIF) is working for Indian Agrarian community. In proposed project SIF will support the rainfed farmers for horse gram production, processing and marketing of value added products.

Horse gram is the one of the oldest pulse crop cultivated and consumed in India since centuries. South Indian states are major producers of horse gram. Horse gram is excellent for small farmers to generate good revenue with low investment.

 

2. Objective
  • To support marginal and small rainfed farmers through horse gram production
  • To increase the income of marginal and small farmers through horse gram production and its value added products
  • To contribute in the nutritional security of family members of rainfed farmers
3. Support Area
  • To provide high yielding quality seed of horse gram
  • Guide the farmers for horse gram production and processing
  • To provide the guidance to farmers for marketing of value added products
4. Why horse gram…
  • Rain fed crop
  • Light soil is also suitable
  • Short duration crop
  • Cost of cultivation is less
  • High nutritional and medicinal value
5. Scientific name of horse gram: Macrotyloma uniflorum
6. Nutritional and Medicinal Value
  • Rich in taste
  • rich amounts of proteins, vitamins and iron
  • Reduce the extra fats in the body along with the help of reducing weight
  • Good amounts of B-complex vitamin and proteins.
  • It aids in purifying menstruation and prevents and cures the arthritis.
  • The high amount of dietary fiber present in the horse gram balances the blood pressure and sugar glucose levels.
  • To treat diarrhea, hemorrhage and hemorrhoids.
  • Horse gram plant treats the patients who are suffering from weak liver, spleen enlargement and colic.
  • And to cure the kidney stones, gall stones and high blood pressure increase the intake of horse grams.
  • It is suggested to consume to sort out the health problems such as gastric, worm infections, cough, ulcers, excessive perspiration and difficulty in breathing.
  • Cattle feed
7. Horse Gram Package of Practices (POP)

Climatic Requirement: Tropical and sub tropical climate is suitable. Drought resistance crop mainly cultivated in low rainfall area. Optimum temperature 20 to 34 degree Celsius.

Soil Requirement: Cultivated in wide range of soils

Land preparation: Prepare the land to a fine tilth

Manure application: Broadcast 12.5 tonnes (per hectare) of FYM or compost in field

Sowing Season: June-July

Varieties: CO-1, AK 42 (C), AK 21 (C), VL Gahat-1, 8, 10, 15, 19, CRIDA 18 R, CRHG-01, 02, 03, 04

Seed Rate: 20 kg per hectare

Seed Treatment: Treat the seed with Rhizobial culture (200 gm/ha) and Phosphobacteria (200 gm/ha)

Sowing method: Dibble the seed with a spacing of 30x10cm and 1.5 to 2 cm depth

Weed Management: Carry out weeding and hoeing on 25-30 days after sowing

Horse Gram Crop Growth Stages 

Vegetative stage of horse gram

Flowering stage of horse gram


Pod Development stage of horse gram

 

Irrigation: If water available, 2-3 irrigation given as per the need

Harvesting

 

Seeds attain physiological maturity when the pods turn yellowish brown in colour. Timely harvest is essential, taking care not to expose the pods to rain or very moist weather which may change the seed coat colour from light brown to dark brown or light black.

Harvest the whole plant, thresh the pods and extract the seed.

Yield: Average yield of seeds 7-8 quintals per hectare and average yield of green fodder 10 quintal per hectare

Value added products of horse gram

  1. Horse gram seed sprouts
  2. Curry preparation
  3. Horse Gram Flour
  4. Horse gram powder
  5. Papad
  6. Constituents of Ayurvedic medicines, Cystone
  7. Ayurvedic medicine products
  8. Cattle feed
  9. Nutritional products (Vitamins)

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About the Author:

Yashwantrao Yadav is a Doctoral scholar at Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS), Mumbai and also a member of Save Indian Farmers and involves in field activities.

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